Sir Henry Edward Colvile (10th July 1852 - 25th November 1907), KCMG,
CB, was born at Kirkby Hall, Leicestershire. He was the son of Charles
Robert Colvile and Hon. Katherine Sarah Georgina Russell.
was educated at Eton, and entered the Grenadier Guards in 1870. He was
appointed A.D.C. to General the Hon. Sir Leicester Smythe, commanding
the forces in South Africa, in 1880. He served on the Intelligence Department
of the Suakim Expedition of 1884, was present at the Battles of El Teb
and the Battle of Tamai, mentioned in despatches, and received the bronze
star, medal, and clasp. He was employed on special service in the Sudan
prior to the Nile Expedition of 1884-85, and during that Expedition
served as D.A.A.G.; was mentioned in despatches; received the clasp,
and was created C.B. At the close of the Expedition he was Chief of
the Intelligence Department of the Frontier Force; was present at the
action at Giniss; was mentioned in despatches, and was promoted to the
rank of Colonel. He was then attached to the Intelligence Department
at headquarters, and wrote the official history of the Sudan Campaign.
In 1893 he succeeded the late Sir Gerald Portal as Commissioner (Acting)
for Uganda, commanded the Unyoro Expedition, which resulted in the inclusion
of that country into the Protectorate; received the Central African
medal, was created K.C.M.G., and received the second-class Order of
the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. He was selected for promotion to the
rank of Major-General, 12 April 1898.
he became commander, Infantry Brigade, Gibraltar 1899; Guards Brigade
and 9 Division, South Africa 1899-1900; and retired 1901.
married, firstly, Alice Rosa Daly, daughter of Hon. Robert Daly and
Hon. Cecilia Maria A'Court, on 6th August 1878. He married, secondly,
Zelie Isabelle Richard de Preville on 30th December 1886.
from "British Commanders in the Transvaal War 1899-1900"
published by W.D. & H.O. Wills Ltd:
SIR H. E. COLVILE
the son of the former M.P. for South Derbyshire, and is related to Lord
De Clifford by his mother, who is an aunt of the present peer.
In 1870, at the age of eighteen, he entered the Grenadiers. At the battles
of El Teb, and Tamar, during the Soudan Campaign of 1884, he gained
great distinction, being twice mentioned in the despatches.
His literary skill is by no means slight, and was recognized by the
War Office, when in 1886 he was employed to compile the official history
of the Soudan Campaign. From 1893 to 1895, he did fine service as Acting
Commissioner at Uganda, commanding the Unyoro Expedition in 1894, with
conspicuous success. He was promoted to the rank of Major-General in
Upon the outbreak of war in South Africa, he proceeded to the Orange
River, arriving on November 17th, and assumed command of the First (Guards)
Brigade of the First Division. He commanded the force at the battle
of Modder River when Lord Methuen was wounded. His appointment to the
charge of the Ninth Division in February, created general satisfaction
In his earlier days ballooning had considerable fascination for Major-General
Colvile, and he spent a portion of his honeymoon in this pastime.