General Sir Archibald Hunter (1856 - 1936) was a General in the British Army who distinguished himself during the Boer War. He was Governor of Omdurman, in Sudan, and later of Gibraltar. Between 1899 and 1901, Hunter served as the Divisions Commander in the Second Boer War. He was promoted again to Lieutenant-General in 1900.

His Service biography

  • Joined 4 King's Own Royal Lancaster Regt 1874
  • Governor of Dongola Province and Commandant Frontier Field Force 1895-1899
  • Governor of Omdurman, Sudan 1899
  • Lt Gen on staff and Commander, 10 Div, South African War 1900-1901
  • Commander, Scotland 1901-1903
  • Western Army Corps, India 1904-1907
  • Southern Army, Indian Army 1907-1909
  • Governor and Commander-in-Chief Gibraltar 1910-1913
  • General Officer Commanding 13 (Western) Div 1914
  • World War I 1914-1918; Commander, 3 Army 1914
  • retired 1918; MP (Coalition Unionist), Lancaster 1918-1922

Extract from "British Commanders in the Transvaal War 1899-1900" published by W.D. & H.O. Wills Ltd:


Chief of the staff in Natal, has been second in command in Ladysmith during its investment. He entered the King's Own Rifles in 1874, but it was not until 1885 that he obtained prominence as a soldier of exceptional ability. In Egypt, serving under General Grenfell, and later under Lord Kitchener, his bravery and cool determinate power as a leader of men first earned for him the reputation he has since enjoyed. He was promoted to the rank of Major-General in 1896, and in 1899 to the Governorship of Omdurman.

When General White was ordered to Natal in the autumn of last year, his first request was that General Hunter might accompany him as Chief of Staff—a by no means slight testimony to his ability. In that capacity the public have for four months had repeated opportunities of judging his powers, notably on December 9th, when he was sent out with 600 Natal Volunteers and Imperial Light Horse to surprise Gun Hill. The position was captured, two large guns were destroyed and a Maxim seized and brought to Ladysmith, our casualties being but two in number.

Last updated 5 February, 2009
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